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The development of knowledge and technology God Almighty said in his book (anthropology unless he knows), this is a proof from God Almighty that science and technological and cognitive development from God is the most cherished human) Made God who mastered everything he is expert what you do God honored man with science and development without other creatures, and the cognitive and technological development that took place in the last two centuries has had the greatest impact on the life of mankind, from food, clothing, housing, compound and advanced means of communication.

The world has become like the city, Communication, development and knowledge, and we will talk here about the most important inventors and inventions that changed the course of human life, some for the better, others threatened the human and was Balala.

Scientists have changed the inventions of human life

Thomas Edison The existence of electricity in our lives helped us a lot, we can never give up it is an important source in our lives, Edison was born in 1847 in Milan - Ohio and was an American businessman, one of the most inventive production in the world, One of the inventions that surprised the world and changed its course, the most important of which is the invention of electricity, the development of cinematography and electric lamp, and the development of the power generation system, so the power plant was built in Manhattan by him, it is credited in our lives of the energy provided by us, With electrification , Mankind owes this world its important inventions that have been credited with changing the way people live and live, died in 1931 in the United States.

Charles Babig is a mathematical scientist, philosopher, engineer and inventor. Born in England in 1791, he is the first to start computing. He was educated at the University of Cambridge and designed the first calculator, although it was not used. , Died in 1871 in England as he developed the computer but did not complete what he began.

Berners Lee Human life can not be imagined at this time without the Internet. The existence of the Internet has facilitated many of the complicated things that have been miracles in the past. Berners Lee is the first to design and invent the Web. Born in London, England in 1955, he studied at Oxford University in England in 1976. He worked for a public company, which gained fame after his invention of the Internet in 1991, which changed much of human life, and was later named the world's innovator.

Antonio Meucci How can we communicate with each other without the phone now? Let's have a great deal of communication with relatives and parents. Before Antonio Meucci, everyone thought that Alexander Graham Bell was the real inventor of the phone. It was after Antonio's death that gave the idea of ​​invention, applied by Alexander Bell, and described Antonio as one of the most influential figures in world history, died in 1922 in Canada.

James Watt is an engineer of Scottish origin, born in 1736 in Greenock, invented steam engine or steam engine, for his interest in energy because he had an intimate relationship and was close to Joseph Black (the discoverer of heat), he conducted several experiments in steam pressure, The first steam car was invented by Joseph Nicholas, the forerunner of the invention of modern cars that we now use. James Watt died in 1819 in Scotland.

Joseph Nicholas Joseph of French origin, invented the first car in history (steam car) moving on the pressure of steam produced when heating water, was invented this car for the transfer of weapons and military equipment, and then developed the car by other people to become easier and more luxurious, in This time we can not do without the car, we need to cut long distances, and with the passage of years, driving is much easier than the past, faster and widespread.

Guillermo Marconi is a scientist of Italian origin who discovered radio waves and electromagnetism based on these waves invented the radio, invented wireless radio through electromagnetic signals, was born in 1874 in Bologna, Italy, and developed the use of microwave, educated at the University of Bologna, Physics, died in 1937 in Rome, Italy.

John Logy Bird is a scientist of Scottish origin and an electrical engineer born in 1888. He was a young man who helped his father in collecting, repairing and selling scrap, until he reached the invention of television. He was the first to invent television. He died in 1946.

The Wright brothers (Orville and Wilber) Orville was born in 1871 and Wilber was born in 1867, invented a heavier machine than the air in 1903, and then succeeded in applying this machine, the US government knew the importance of aviation and helped them in this invention, and then the brothers went to France and made the longest trip At that time, the flight lasted 75 minutes, after which the aircraft were developed and everyone could travel. Orville died in 1948 and Wheeler in 1912.

Louis Daguerre is an artist and chemist who was born in 1787 in northern France. He collaborated with Joseph Nepps in the development of photography. In 1827 he tried to invent a camera but failed several attempts. He continued to try several times after failure, but eventually succeeded. In 1837, he and Joseph Nepps were able to invent the first photographic machine, after which he was honored with honors and even died in 1851.

Alexander Fleming is a Scottish botanist who was born in 1881. His field of knowledge in microbiology and immunology has many achievements, including penicillin and enzyme Lisozyme. He discovered penicillin in 1928, an antibiotic that helps eliminate many diseases that kill humans. At that time, research began on the mold and discovered that penicillin was present in mold, killing germs, winning the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1945, Alexander died in 1955.

Alfred Nobel is a Swedish inventor and engineer of Swedish origin. He was born in 1833 in Sweden. He invented dynamite in 1867 and later regretted his invention, which caused the destruction of the world and the killing of many people. Before he died, he recommended most of his wealth to scientists and outstanding scholars. Literature, science, philosophy and other sciences, and to do something beneficial to humanity at least, Alfred died in Italy in 1896.

Johann Gothenburg is an inventor of German origin. He was born in 1400 in Mainz, Germany. He initially developed the characters and was easy to write until he came close to inventing the printer, but he was not the first to invent the printer. Before that there was an invention for the printer in Korea, , And thus began inventing computer, telephone and other inventions based on letters and printing, Johann died in 1468 in Italy and left behind a large footprint mentioned.

Samuel Colette is an inventor of American origin born in 1814 in Connecticut, USA, since his childhood Samuel was interested in explosives, weapons and others. This made him the inventor of the death machine, a pistol that was in 1839, then died in 1862 .

John Dalton is a chemist of British origin, born in 1766, who discovered the atom and developed the laws of atomic theory. Since then, science has evolved from this aspect, but it has brought the scourge on humanity by making atomic bombs. Dalton died in 1844.

Tsi Ay lon was born in the color of BC BC in China, invented the paper and this invention has a positive impact on the whole of mankind, and this is one of the best inventions and became an invention for the advancement and progress and science and development of all peoples because of its great importance in education and learning and development and writing.

Technology The latest appearance of modern technology is a major change in our modern lives. Before technology, man did not know much of the modern means of his life, but he relied on simple primitive tools in everything. History shows how primitive man used stones in the fire used to cook food In addition, wood was used in the manufacture of spears and other primitive methods, and then over the years these methods developed gradually until we reached the peak of technological progress in our time, The populace of people and stormed into their homes without a need, what are the most significant changes made by technology in our contemporary life? . In communications, people used simple methods of communicating with each other. These methods included postal messages that the postman carried from one area to another, and then it was newly developed. The phone entered the house where people got in touch with each other. To invent a cell phone that has made a huge difference in communication where people can communicate with each other no matter where they are and no matter how far distances have been, this development has made the world a small village where people connect thousands of kilometers away. In the field of the Web after the invention of the Web and when it became accessible to all people filled the pages of millions of sites that serve people in their lives by providing information and knowledge and allow people to communicate with each other through programs that allow the viewer to see the fixed image and mobile. In the field of transportation there has been a huge boom in the field of transportation and means. After people used animals and horse-drawn vehicles, the car appeared to make a significant change in the lives of people and to be able to move from place to place in a short time and without incurring the burden and fatigue. In the areas of life in general, the electric power of people lit up their homes and roads, and was used in the operation of electrical appliances, factories, etc., many modern tools that made life easier for people, for example the vacuum cleaner that replaced the old tools used in it, The electric heating device for food and various foods called (microwave), and the ordinary oven and electric, which facilitated the housewife, food processing and preparation and many other modern tools that were really a blessing from God to modern man.

Technology is the Greek word that shows the knowledge of modern technologies as the basis for all areas of life, which has become an urgent necessity that can not be lived in isolation in the light of the information revolution and the challenges and radical changes that have occurred at the global level or the international arena since the advent of globalization so far, Discoveries and the breadth of markets and the intensification of competition between countries and others, and thus highlights their role clearly and their importance on the personal or individual level and at the level of the family, society, countries and the world in general. The importance of technology in our lives Technology is the basis for bringing people closer together, and this is mainly in their creation of the best forms and means of communication between people, whether landline or mobile phone to enable people who separate continents to reach each other in a few seconds The Internet and the Internet are also very important in transforming the world into a small village through which people can reach any place in the world and speak to anyone by connecting to the network. This process takes only a few seconds. The great development of the technologies provided by technology to mankind has in one way or another led to a scientific and cognitive revolution in light of the evolution in the means of discovering, acquiring, and developing information. This has reflected positively on the human knowledge balance, thus increasing inventions that have facilitated human life. Our business life has given us a variety of ways to enable us to deal with its various problems, provide the ability to make good decisions, and provide it with many advanced machinery and equipment for the factories, which in turn facilitated production processes and reduced the need for a large number of This has reflected positively on the operating budget of organizations for the benefit of employers, and has contributed to the provision of more quality goods and services at lower cost, time and effort. Has contributed greatly to the development of the field of education through the provision of modern scientific and cognitive tools that facilitated the process of delivering teachers information to students and worked to develop curricula in a way that serves the school and teacher and learner, and opened prospects for students to the so-called self-learning without the need for a teacher at any time And in the area they wish to study also in isolation from the constraints of time and place. Has facilitated human life in general, and our lives in particular through providing the best means of transport at all, making access to any destination in the world easy and enjoyable, and facilitated the internal mobility and access to people to places they want to reach them effortlessly and in the least time possible .

Information Technology Information technology is closely related to computers and networks. Many people come to computers, networks, or both when IT is mentioned.

During a meeting with the Head of the Higher Education, Dr. Muhammed Yakta Saraj,

Higher Education announced on 70 Hungarian fellowships to obtain Master and Ph.D. and they are as the following, 30 fellowships to obtain Master for the non-employees in the fields of oil,

During a meeting with the delegation of Talal Abu-Ghazalah Organization,

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- The door of the ancient fortress of Kirkuk inscribed with the Holy verse) and tell my Lord Zdni note (bold font Diwani).
- The oil tower symbolizes the extraction of natural wealth (oil) from the ground, which is characterized by the province of Kirkuk.
- The sun signifies the light of science in the city of black gold. - An open and engraved book under the title of the University of Kirkuk, in Arabic and English, the book symbolizes science.
- The university is one of the formations of the Ministry of Higher Education, Scientific Research and History, which symbolizes the foundation year of the university in 2003 AD (1424 AH).

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